Many people wonder how such a devastating disaster could occur, and history reveals a number of things that went wrong when the massive ship sunk in April of 1912. The sinking of the Titanic proved a grave tragedy: one with causes that are still only identified in theory. Some researchers cite the ships construction as part of the reason that the ship sank; some researchers claim that the ship sank because it was moving too fast and the crew disregarded berg warnings, and many cite a series of events that led to one of the most incredible ocean tragedies to ever occur. Further, an equal number of questions surround the death of so many of the Titanic’s passengers.
The History Of The Titanic And Its Creation
The history of the Titanic reveals that this ship was originally built in a shipyard located in Belfast, Ireland. The actual shipyard was the Harland and Wolf Shipyard where the four-funneled British ocean liner was constructed. The ship was originally built for the purposes of acting as a transatlantic vessel for mail service and passengers traveling between Southampton and New York. The ship became one of the vessels belonging to the White Star line, and the boat was identified as an unsinkable vessel before it was ever allowed on the ocean waters.
The Titanic was one of the largest vessels when it was built. It was nearly 883 feet long and it had a 92-foot beam. The ship had a gross tonnage equivalent to 46328 tons in all. The Titanic had three propellers for its propulsion system, and it had two triple expansion reciprocating engines that operated off steam power. It also had a single Parsons, low-pressure turbine, four Scotch type single ended boilers, 25 Scotch type double ended boilers, 159 furnaces that operated off coal, and the ship could travel at a top speed equaling 23 knots.
The Titanic was a boat built with luxury in mind. The Titanic was a massive ship with nine decks and a tank top. It was the first boat to ever have a swimming pool that was heated. All of the staterooms on the ship had heating and electric lighting, and the boat could carry up to 3547 passengers. The ship also had a Verandah Café, an Electric Bath, a Turkish bath, a squash court, and a gymnasium. The cost to build the Titanic was right around $7.5 million. First class tickets to ride on the Titanic during its maiden voyage varied from $125.00 to as much as $4500.00. The highest priced tickets paid for “Millionaire Suites.” Second class tickets were around $66.00, and first class tickets were around $36.50. For more information about the Titanic and its earliest beginnings, visit Encyclopedia Titanica at http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/.
History Of The Titanic: The Reasons It Sank
When the Titanic was launched on April 10, 1912, it had only had enough lifeboats for just about half of all of the passengers on the boat; in all, the boat carried twenty lifeboats capable of carrying 1,178 passengers. The lack of lifeboats is one of the main reasons that so many people lost their lives after the boat collided with an iceberg on April 15th.
A number of things that occurred on April 14th and 15th potentially led to the Titanic’s collision with an iceberg in the middle of the Atlantic. First, despite being warned about existing ice floes, the Titanic remained at full speed; the speed the ship was traveling as well as the angle that the Titanic struck the iceberg are considered two of the reasons why the ship actually sank. In addition, the quality of the rivets and the steel hull on the boat has been called into question and has been cited for one of the reasons why the ship sank after striking an iceberg. Further, the number of punctures made into the ship’s side as well as the positioning of the punctures made in the six forward compartments has also been cited as a potential cause for the ship’s sinking. The crew’s awareness and judgment has also been called into question; some researcher belief that a lack of awareness and poor judgment calls could have very well contributed to the destructive collision.
There had been a number of warnings sent to the ship about icebergs in the area throughout the day. These warnings were clearly disregarded as the ship maintained its course and speed. Since there was no moonlit on the night of the collision and there were no swells or wind to help alert the crew of the presence of an iceberg, a collision with an iceberg became much more likely. Unfortunately, the iceberg was only spotted once the Titanic was several hundred yards from the massive berg, thereby not giving the crew enough time to respond accordingly. For more information about the history of the Titanic, visit RMS Titanic Inc., at http://www.rmstitanic.net/index.php4?page=faq.
The History Of The Titanic: Lives Lost
The Titanic launched for its maiden voyage on April 10, 1912; it carted 2201 passengers on board as it headed for Southhampton. The Titanic was very new when it was launched and it even had wet paint in some areas when passengers were boarding the vessel for the first time. On April 15th, the ship collided with an iceberg in the Atlantic waters resulting in the death of nearly 1500 passengers. When the ship set sail, the Titanic carried 899 crew members, 710 third class passengers, 285 second class passengers, and 329 first class passengers. Only 214 crew members, 174 third class passengers, 119 second class passengers, and 199 first class passengers survived. The largest percentage of lost lives consisted of the crew members, followed by third class passengers. Of the 1500+ passengers that died when the ship sank, just over 300 bodies were recovered. For more details about the history of the Titanic and the lives lost during its voyage, visit Titanic Facts at http://www.titanic-facts.com/titanic-facts.html.